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Table of Content

  • GS-2: Social Justice: 
    • Why are school unions in Gujarat opposing the government’s PPP mode schools?
  • Fact File
  • What the Uttaramerur inscription, recently referred to by PM Modi, says
  • India signs MoU with World Food Programme for sending wheat to Afghanistan

Why are school unions in Gujarat opposing the government’s PPP mode schools?

GS-2: Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


A coalition of school management, teachers, and principals has united to oppose the introduction of four new types of schools, namely Gyan Setu Day schools, Gyan Shakti Residential Schools, Gyan Shakti Tribal Residential Schools, and Raksha Shakti Residential Schools, which are being established under the public-private partnership (PPP) model by the Gujarat Education Department.

These schools are scheduled to begin operating from the 2023-24 academic year, starting from Class 6.


Schools under the public-private partnership (PPP) model

  • The new model schools will operate on the principle of janbhagidaari.
  • There will be a total of 500 Gyan Setu Day Schools, with a student capacity of 70 students in Class 6 for each school.
  • Additionally, there will be 50 Swami Vivekanand Gyan Shakti Residential Schools and 50 Swami Vivekanand Gyan Shakti Tribal Residential Schools, each with a student capacity of 2,000 students. The first year will enroll 300 students in Class 6.
  • Ten Raksha Shakti Residential Schools will be started, with a total student capacity of 500, and the first year will enroll 70 students in Class 6.
  • Education in these schools will be free of cost for students.
  • The state government will reimburse private entities Rs 20,000 to Rs 60,000 per student annually for recurring costs, along with a yearly hike of 7%.
  • Private entities can use their existing infrastructure or set up additional infrastructure based on minimum criteria.


Issues and Challenges

  • The government plans to start 'model' schools within government schools using private capital and available infrastructure to improve education standards and enrollment in government schools.
  • State-level associations of teachers, school management, and principals have alleged that the government aims to withdraw support from district panchayat and corporation-run schools and promote privatization of education.
  • The consequences may be decline in enrolment in government and grant-in-aid schools leading to surplus teachers and principals.
  • The funding being given to the 'model' schools is a "double expenditure" for the government as it is already giving grants to grant-in-aid schools.
  • The associations suggest that this funding can be given to government and grant-in-aid schools to improve infrastructure and learning levels.
  • Entrance exams for admission to 'model' schools are said to violate the Right to Education (RTE) Act as only "bright" students will be selected, leaving weaker students behind.
  • Weaker students from government and grant-in-aid schools should be admitted to these PPP mode schools and provided with the latest technological education to improve their learning levels.
  • If only good students are given admission to PPP mode schools, it will lead to the closure of more schools, and students in interior and backward areas will suffer.
  • Grant-in-aid schools demand the abolition of the result-based grant policy where grants depend on Class 10 board results.
  • Thousands of vacancies, from principals to administrative staff, in more than 2000 grant-in-aid secondary and higher secondary schools, directly impact the quality of education.
  • Pay protection for appointments after 2009 and non-implementation of dearness allowance announced by the central government in July 2022 and January 2023 are some of the leading causes of teacher dissatisfaction.
  • Recruitment of non-teaching staff, freedom of schools in making appointments, hikes in grants given by the government, minimum fee charged by private schools under fee regulation policy, converting Gujarati-medium classes to English medium, issues regarding transfers, and exemptions given to minority schools are some of the other pending issues.

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Fact File

What the Uttaramerur inscription, recently referred to by PM Modi, says

  • Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi highlighted the importance of the Uttaramerur Inscription in a recent speech, describing its relevance in today's context as an example of India's rich democratic heritage.
  • He stressed the need for greater awareness of India's history and traditions, including the village assembly system, as a way of strengthening democracy and promoting good governance.

Uttaramerur Inscription

  • The Uttaramerur Inscription is an ancient inscription found in Uttaramerur, a village in Tamil Nadu, India.
  • The inscription dates back to the 10th century CE and is considered to be one of the earliest and most comprehensive documents on the administration of a village in South India.
  • The inscription provides detailed information on the political and social structure of the village, including its various administrative bodies, taxation system, and legal code.
  •  It describes the village as a self-governing entity, with a council of elders, a judiciary, and a system of revenue collection.
  • The inscription provides a detailed account of the functioning of the village assembly, including its composition, duties, and decision-making process.
  • The inscription also sheds light on the social hierarchy of the village, with different castes and sub-castes identified and their rights and responsibilities outlined.
  • It provides evidence of the existence of a complex system of land ownership and tenancy, with different classes of landholders and tenants identified.
  • It also contains information about the role of women in the assembly and the penalties for various crimes.

India signs MoU with World Food Programme for sending wheat to Afghanistan

  • Recently, India and the World Food Programme (WFP) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to facilitate the provision of 10,000 metric tonnes of wheat to the people of Afghanistan.

World Food Programme (WFP)

  • 1961: WFP is established by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)
  • 1963: The first development programme is launched in Sudan
  • 2020: WFP is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to combat hunger.
  • The WFP is the world’s largest humanitarian organization saving lives in emergencies and using food assistance to build a pathway to peace, stability and prosperity, for people recovering from conflict, disasters and the impact of climate change.
  • It has committed to end hunger (SDG-2), achieve food security and improved nutrition by 2030.
  • The vision for 2030 underlying WFP’s strategic plan is that:
  • the world has eradicated food insecurity and malnutrition (SDG 2 – Zero Hunger)
  • national and global actors have achieved the SDGs (SDG 17 – Partnerships for the Goals).
  • WFP has been working in India since 1963.
  • HQ: Rome, Italy
  • Report: Global Report on Food Crisis


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