Optional Subjects

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
Commerce and Accountancy
Political Science and International Relations(PSIR)
Literature of Assamese
Literature of Bengali
Literature of Bodo
Literature of Dogri
Literature of Gujarati
Literature of Hindi
Literature of Kannada
Literature of Kashmiri
Literature of Konkani
Literature of Maithili
Literature of Malayalam
Literature of Manipuri
Literature of Marathi
Literature of Nepali
Literature of Oriya
Literature of Punjabi
Literature of Sanskrit
Literature of Santhali
Literature of Sindhi
Literature of Tamil
Literature of Telugu
Literature of Urdu
Literature of English

syllabus of philosophy

Syllabus of Philosophy Optional Subject

PAPER-IHistory and Problems of PhilosophyPlato and Aristotle : Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz); Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume) : Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God.Hegel : Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism.Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein : Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Sying and Showing.Logical Positivism : Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.Later Wittgenstein : Meaning and Use; Language-games; Critique of Private Language.Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sarte, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the-world and Temporality.Quine and Strawson : Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.Carvaka : Theory of Knowlegde; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.Jainism : Theory of Reality; Saptabhanginaya; Bondage and Liberation.Schools of Buddhism : Prat Ityasamutpada; Ksanikavada, Nairatmyavada.Nyaya—Vaiesesika : Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Pramana; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.Samkhya; Prakrit; Purusa; Causation; Liberation.Yoga; Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.Mimamsa: Theory of Knowlegde.Schools of Vedanta : Brahman; Isvara; Atman; Jiva; Jagat; Maya; Avida; Adhyasa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda.Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.PAPER-IISocio-Political PhilosophySocial and Political ldeals : Equality, Justice, Liberty.Sovereignty : Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.Individual and State : Rights; Duties and Accountability.Forms of Government : Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism.Humanism; Secularism; Multi-culturalism.Crime and Punishment : Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment.Development and Social Progress.Gender Discrimination : Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowerment.Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar.Philosophy of ReligionNotions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).Problem of Evil.Soul : Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.Reason, Revelation and Faith.Religious Experience : Nature and Object (Indian and Western).Religion without God.Religion and Morality.Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitivist and Non-cognitive.