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01-01-1970

05:30:AM

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PAPER-I

 

Constitutional and administrative Law:

  • Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution.
  • Fundamental Rights—Public interest litigation; Legal Aid; Legal services authority.
  • Relationship between Fundamental rights, Directive principles and Fundamental duties.
  • Constitutional Position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers.
  • Governor and his powers.
  • Supreme Court and the High Courts:
  1. Appointments and transfer.
  2. Powers, functions and jurisdiction
  • Centre, States and local bodies:
  1. Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States. 
  2. Local Bodies.
  3. Administrative relationship among Union, State and Local Bodies.
  4. Eminent Domain-State property-common property-community property.

  • Legislative powers, privileges and immunities.
  • Services under the Union and the States:
  1. Recruitment and conditions of services; Constitutional safeguards; Administrative tribunals.
  2. Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions—Power and functions.
  3. Election Commission—Power and functions.
  • Emergency provisions.
  • Amendment of the Constitution.
  • Principle of Natural Justice—Emerging trends and judicial approach.
  • Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.
  • Separation of powers and constitutional governance.
  • Judicial review of administrative action.
  • Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc.

 

International Law:

  • Nature and Definition of International Law.
  • Relationship between International Law and Municipal Law.
  • State Recognition and State Succession.
  • Law of the sea: Inland Waters, Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, Continental Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone and High Seas.
  • Individuals: Nationality, statelessness; Human Rights and procedures available for their enforcement.
  • jurisdiction of States, Extradition and Asylum.
  • Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation.
  • United Nations: Its principal organs, powers and functions and reform.
  • Peaceful settlement of disputes—different modes.
  • Lawful recourse to force: aggressions, self-defence, intervention.
  • Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law—International conventions and contemporary developments.
  • Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear weapons; Nuclear non-proliferation treaty, CTST.
  • International Terrorism, State sponsored terrorism, Hijacking, International Criminal Court.
  • New International Economic Order and Monetary Law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.
  • Protection and Improvement of the Human Environment: International Efforts.

 


PAPER II

Law of Crimes: —

  • General principles of Criminal liability: men’s rea and acts rues, men’s rea in statutory offences.
  • Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment.
  • Preparations and criminal attempt.
  • General exceptions.
  • Joint and constructive liability.
  • Abetment.
  • Criminal conspiracy.
  • Offences against the State.
  • Offences against public tranquillity.
  • Offences against human body.
  • Offences against property.
  • Offences against women.
  • Defamation.
  • Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
  • Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and subsequent legislative developments.
  • Plea bargaining.

 

Law of Torts: -

  • Nature and definition.
  • Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.
  • Vicarious liability including State Liability.
  • General defences.
  • Joint tort fessors.
  • Remedies.
  • Negligence.
  • Defamation.
  • Nuisance.
  • Conspiracy.
  • False imprisonment.
  • Malicious prosecution.
  • Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

 

Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law: -

  • Nature and formation of contract/E-contract.
  • Factors vitiating free consent.
  • Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
  • Performance and discharge of contracts.
  • Quasi-contracts.
  • Consequences of breach of contract
  • Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.
  • Contract of agency.
  • Sale of goods and hire purchase.
  • Formation and dissolution of partnership.
  • Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
  • Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.
  • Standard form contracts.

 

Contemporary Legal Developments

  • Public Interest Litigation.
  • Intellectual property rights—Concept, types/prospects.
  • Information Technology Law including Cyber Laws—Concept, purpose/prospects.
  • Competition Law—Concept, purpose/prospects.
  • Alternate Dispute Resolution—Concept, types/prospects.
  • Major statutes concerning environmental law.
  • Right to Information Act.
  • Trial by media.

 


 

 

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