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03:09 am


1. at a sacrifice: at a loss.

  • The persons who give their everything for the help of poor and the weak are certainly at a sacrifice.

2. to have one’s say: a chance to express himself.

  • Under the present legal set up an accused is given full chance to have his say. hold the scales even: to judge impartially.

  • In William Shakespeare’s play, “The Merchant of Venice” both Antonio and shylock and full faith in Portia’s justice that as a lawyer she would hold the scales even.

4. to create a scene: to cause disturbance.

  • There are some quarrelsome women who create a scene both within the four walls of their house and in their neighborhood because of their quarrelsome nature. 

5. to get the right scent: to get a clue to some mystery.

  • After long efforts now the police inspector has got the right scent of the murder, and he would soon detect the real culprits.

6. to take a back seat: to retire into obscurity.

  • The Indian politicians who had taken an active part in the Indian politics under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi have taken a back seat now because they are too old to continue their active internet and work.

7. to see life: to know the different modes of life which people follow.

  • The great comedies, tragedies and historical plays of William Shakespeare, the great English poet and dramatist show that he had Seen life out and out.

8. to see a thing through coloured glasses: regard a thing favorably due to one’s prejudices.

  • Kaikeyi could not like Rama should ascend to the throne of Ayodhya because she had seen it through the coloured glasses.

9. to seek God: to pray for God’s mercy.

  • It is only in the hour of misfortune, or sorrow that we think to seek God.

10. to send world: to send message.

  • Sumantra sent word to Bharata and Shatrughana at their maternal uncle’s house through the messengers that both of them must return to Ayodhya forthwith.

11. to serve one’s turn: to serve one’s purpose.

  • In the modern world the people are so busy that think and make efforts only to serve their own turn.

12. to serve one right: to treat one in a deserving way.

  • The ten-headed Ravana committed a great sin by stealing away Rama’s wife, Seeta and Rama served him right by killing him along with his family members, etc.

13. to set at defiance: to challenge vigorously.

  • It is obviously a sin to set at defiance the presence and power of the Almighty who is the Lord and Leader of all men and women, born on this earth.  

14. to set at liberty: release; make free.

  • All the prisoners of war were set at liberty when a treaty was made between the two countries.

15. to show fight: to show an inclination to fight.

  • Seeing the police in the village the dacoits grew furious and showed fight.

16. to shut one’s mouth: to put one to silence and shame.

  • If you remind him of his mean behavior, you can shut his mouth forthwith.

17. to slip through one’s fingers: to be lost through carelessness.

  • Many persons do not value and utilize time at their disposal and let it slip through their fingers.

18. to let a thing slide: to allow it to pass unnoticed through negligence.

  • If some persons get inherited money, they do not know how to preserve it, so they let it slide thoughtlessly.

19. to be soft on: to be in love with.

  • Savitri, the daughter of King Ashwapati had full freedom to go to all place and she became soft on Satyaven in her first sight of him.

20. to be solid for: to be firmly in favour of

  • The true soldiers are always solid for the virtues of patriotism, courage and heroism and they fall into the mouth of death at the call of their commander. 

21. sooner or later: gradually at last.

  • Sooner or later the people of India shall stand on their own legs in the economics field, too, if they go on working hard regularly and unitedly.

22. to sound a person: to fathom in a person’s intentions and secret wishes.

  • It is highly difficult to sound a person, so only an expert can achieve success in doing so.

23. to be in the soup: to be in an embarrassing situation.

  • The striking employees fell into the soup when their unity began to weaken with the non-fulfilment of their demands by the government for a long time.

24. to turn sour on: to become irritated with.

  • The English teacher turned sour on those students who had not completed their home-work and gave them punishment.

25. not to be on speaking terms with: not to be friendly with.

  • These days I am not on speaking terms with him who has not returned the money which he had borrowed two years ago and also shows a bad behavior.

26. to speak of one’s mind: to speak of one’s own true feelings.

  • I cannot speak of my mind to all until and unless there is the need of doing so.

27. to speak of one in high terms: to praise one: where deserving, or not deserving.

  • There are some great and sensitive persons who do not like others speaking of them in high terms.

28. to speak volumes: to furnish enough evidence for, or against.

  • Bhula Bhai Desai, an eminent lawyer of India spoke volumes to show that the soldiers of the Indian National Army under the leadership of Subhash Chandra Bose were only freedom fighters and no more criminals.

29. to speak well of: to speak highly, to praise.

  • The foreign visitors who come to see the Taj Mahal speak well of its beauty and art when they actually see in the full moonlit-night.

30. out of spirits: depressed.

  • The companions of Columbus lost their heart and became out of spirits when they did not reach the land, their provisions were exhausted and a heavy storm set in.

31. split hair: make subtle and useless distinction.

  • It is never a good and useful practice to split hair and the wise do not do so.

32. to split the difference: to divide the difference equally.

  • The seiler demanded sixteen thousand rupees for the car and the buyer offered only twelve thousand rupees but the matter was settled when both of them split the difference

33. to split with: to quarrel with.

  • It is a matter of utter misfortune for the parents if their sons split with one another in their life-time.

34. to spoil for: to be eager.

  • Today, young girls and boys spoil for seeing films at slightest chance available to them.

35. on the spot: then and there.

  • As the murder was committed, the police on the spot and arrested the murders red-handed. 

36. to spring upon: announce suddenly.

  • He could not believe his ears when the news was sprung upon him that he had topped the list of the successful candidates in the High School Examination.

37. to square accounts: to settle accounts in full and final.

  • The honest businessmen believe to square their accounts honestly and properly with all annually so that their business reputation might go on well.

38. square deal: honest dealings.

  • It is a high reputation of Great Britain that there the businessmen and shop-keepers practice square deal in the highest way in comparison to other countries of the world.  

39. a tight squeeze: most difficult situation.

  • Really it became a tight squeeze when the government did not meet the demand of the strikers and the strikes, too, were not ready to withdraw their strike.

40. at stake: in peril.

  • The freedom of Mewar was at stake when Rana Pratap Singh found himself too weak to face the mighty Akbar with his few soldiers and scarce means.

41. to stall off: to avoid.

  • The police tried to arrest the notorious dacoit who stalled off their grip each time and escaped uncaught.

42. to stare in the face: threaten.

  • Famine is sure to stare in the face of the people of this state on account of the destruction of the crops due to the floods.

43. to stave of: to avoid.

  • The further misfortunes to his family cannot be staved of after the untimely death of the earning head of the family.

44. to steal a march: to gain an advantage stealthily.

  • It is only by his earning a large sum of money by way of black-marketing that he stole a march on the other co-competitors.

45. to stop short: to stop in the middle of the journey.

  • Columbus totally refused to stop short of his journey because he was a man of heroic courage and iron determination, so he encouraged his companions by saying.
  • “Sail on! Sail on! And on!”

46. to set great store by: to value highly.

  • The game of cricket has become so popular in India that young boys and girls set great store by its commentary rather than their study.

47. to set little store by: not to value highly.

  • There are some negligent students who set little store by their study and they ever remain busy in their games, wanderings and cinema.

48. to strain every nerve: to make utmost efforts.

  • Each candidate strains his every nerve to win his election

49. to strain a point: to go beyond a general rule.

  • There are some law abiding persons who never strain a point and obey the law as the most obedient and faithful persons.

50. to strike while the iron is hot: to make use of an available opportunity.

  • Only the wise men strike while the iron is hot and the fools let the opportunity slip out of their laziness and negligence.

51. to strike oil: to succeed in an enterprise.

  • Columbus struck oil and discovered America because he was a true, heroic and since discovered and could continue his journey even in the face of the grimmest dangers.

52. to be going strong: to be prospering.

  • The businessmen of America have been going stronger and strong in comparison to the business men of their countries of the world.

53. in full swing: most prosperous.

  • Each fair or exhibition remains in full swing in the last days.


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