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  • The is Hubble Space Telescope a large, space-based observatory that orbits the Earth and is operated by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in partnership with the European Space Agency (ESA). 
  • It was launched into orbit in 1990 and has since made significant contributions to our understanding of the universe.
  • The Hubble telescope is equipped with a range of instruments that allow it to observe distant galaxies, stars, and other celestial objects in visible, ultraviolet, and infrared light. 

  • Its observations have enabled scientists to make groundbreaking discoveries about the age of the universe, the existence of dark matter and dark energy, and the formation and evolution of galaxies.
  • The telescope is named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble, who was instrumental in developing the field of extragalactic astronomy and whose observations helped to establish the idea of an expanding universe.
  • When launched, the primary objectives of the Hubble Space Telescope were to
  • investigate the constitution, physical characteristics, and dynamics of celestial bodies
  • determine the nature of processes occurring in stellar and galactic objects
  • study the history and evolution of the universe
  • confirm universality of physical laws
  • provide a long-term space research facility for optical astronomy


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